Iswar and Parbati
were of great help to men or women in
danger. They sprinkled sacred water
on the dead man and made him alive.
Many impossible things were conceived
by the story-teller: Flying Horse, magic
boat, magic jewel etc. could work wonders.
Ambujmani built one palace, dug out
a tank, planted a full-fledged garden
within one night. Flying horse or magic
horse could carry the rider to any place,
he liked, within the twinkle of an eye.
Putting on a pair of magic sandals one
could fly hundreds of miles within a
moment. A magic cane gave birth to an
army of men; a magic bag produced delicious
food for thousands of people. A magic
mango could make a man smile jewels.
A flying tree could be used as a conveyance
and carried man to his destination.
Proverbs And Dakbachans
Every village has,
to its credit, a number of intelligent
men and women. Proverb or Dakbachan
is their creation. It is neither philosophy,
nor poetry nor any moral propaganda
though its educative value is immense.
It was created in some particular situation
in connection with a particular person.
But it was so remarkable that people
remembered it and used it in connection
with any man in the same situation.
It carried the wisdom of its creator
for ages, passed through hundreds and
thousands of lips, but never lost its
freshness and beauty. A proverb displays
sharp intelligence, broad outlook, strong
common sense, power of generalization
and the intimate knowledge of life and
the living world.
Proverbs are classified
in the following manner according to
their subject matter.
Dak Bachan—deals with such subjects
as agriculture, weather and medicine
The rising sun smilingly disappears
in the cloud,
Northern clouds pass over to the South.
Blue flies brood over the fresh cow
Dak bachan says, O Son, it must rain.
When a star appears in the orb of the
moon it rains incessantly.
Chhata Regarding Co-wife—
Is my luck so bad ?
That I had to deal with a nine-lipped
If this be given to the dark-skinned
first wife my beautiful second wife
will get angry.
Given to the fair-coloured, the lady
of black complexion will be provoked.
Let this be with me.
When the fair lady will prepare my bed
I shall present it to her.
All the four quarters be scented.
and Vileness of Daughter-in-law—
Mark your naughty daughter,
She breaks scores of pots and pitchers.
The daughter-in-law is of low family,
She came only yesterday, but mark her
Fie on you, Don’t you get a rope
of one cubit to hang yourself ?
That widow mother had such a worthless
Why does she not drown herself in a
All members of the family have been
But the daughter-in-law who cooks food
has become very fat.
You brought one torn box of cane Containing
one seer of turmeric,
Conch ounded and bowing down in shame,
You entered the house.
Will my mother-in-law die ?
Shall I be the queen of the household
Will chance do that ?
The bear came down
the peak of the mountain to eat the
roots of grass (meaningless)
Did I marry this husband (should be
devoured by a ghost) only to be beaten
with fists ?
All right, if you beat me, you yourself
go and cook,
Thank god, your moustache is burnt while
blowing the hearth.
That is how you are paid back in your
A hole under the belly of the thrashing
My hand was tied to that of this golden
flowered husband (a miser)
He controls rice, even water.